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How to define a templated method of a class template outside of class body

I would like to use a templated method within a class template. I mean an additional "templatification" of the method. The following code snippet should explain what I want to achieve:

#include <iostream>

using namespace std;

// a class with a template parameter
template <size_t SIZE>
class SomeClass {
    public:
        static const size_t size = SIZE; // do something with template parameter SIZE
        
        // declaration AND definition of some templated method within class body
        template <typename T> T someFunction(size_t position) {
            return static_cast<T>(position * size); // just do something with type T
        }
};


int main () {
    
    cout << "Access static information: SomeClass<15>::size = " << SomeClass<15>::size << endl;
    
    SomeClass<10> someclass; // instantiate with template parameter 10
    cout << "Access instance information: size = " << someclass.size << endl;
    cout << "Use someFunction with float return value: someclass.SomeFunction<float>(13) = " << someclass.someFunction<float>(13) << endl;
    return 0;
}

This works. However, I would like to move the definition of someFunction out of the body of the class (I have a lot of template specializations to write and I don't want to clutter up the class definition). What is the syntax for this?

I know how to define methods for templated classes outside the class body and I know how to define a templated method of a non-template class outside the class body. Now I would like to to both at once.

Thanks for any hint!

Submitted July 19th 2021 by Admin

Answers
0

You need two templates: One for the class and one for the function.

Like in:

template<size_t SIZE>
template <typename T>
T SomeClass<SIZE>::someFunction(size_t position) { return static_cast<T>(position * size); // just do something with type T
}

Admin | 6 days ago



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